Kumlinge

Kumlinge
—  Municipality  —
Kumlinges kommun

Coat of arms
Location of Kumlinge in Finland
Coordinates: 60°15.5′N 020°46.7′E / 60.2583°N 20.7783°E / 60.2583; 20.7783Coordinates: 60°15.5′N 020°46.7′E / 60.2583°N 20.7783°E / 60.2583; 20.7783
Country Finland
Region Åland
Sub-region Archipelago sub-region
Government
 - Municipal manager Jim Eriksson
Area(2010-01-01)[1]
 - Total 860.39 km2 (332.2 sq mi)
 - Land 99.26 km2 (38.3 sq mi)
 - Water 761.13 km2 (293.9 sq mi)
Area rank 129th largest in Finland
Population (2010-03-31)[2]
 - Total 371
 - Rank 340th largest in Finland
 Density 3.74/km2 (9.7/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 - Swedish 89.2% (official)
 - Finnish 6.1%
 - Others 4.7%
Population by age[4]
 - 0 to 14 8.9%
 - 15 to 64 63.6%
 - 65 or older 27.5%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 18.5%
Website www.kumlinge.ax

Kumlinge is a municipality consisting of a group of islands in Åland, an autonomous territory of Finland. Kumlinge, which is also the name of the largest island in the group, means "rocky passage."

The municipality has a population of 371 (31 March 2010)[2] and covers an area of 860.39 square kilometres (332.20 sq mi) of which 761.13 km2 (293.87 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 3.74 inhabitants per square kilometre (9.7 /sq mi).

89.2% of the population is Swedish-speaking, 6.1% is Finnish-speaking, and 4.7% speak other languages.[3]

The Kumlinge Airfield is situated on the main island.

Contents

History

A milepost in Kumlinge along the King's Road showing distances in versts to for example St Petersburg, Turku and Helsinki.

The first visitors to Kumlinge were Vikings who stopped there during their voyages. The first permanent residents arrived in the 13th century. According to taxrolls from the 16th century there were about a dozen houses on the main island at the time, home to mostly farmers and fishermen. In the 20th century the population of Kumlinge slowly began to decline.

Sights

The church in the village is dedicated to St. Anne and dates from the 15th century. There are two farm museums in Kumlinge: Hermas museigård and Sjölunds gårdsmuseum. There is also a memorial stone in Fälberget which is dedicated to the war of 1808 when a Russian battalion was defeated in the village of Kumlinge. The old post route also goes through Kumlinge.

Demographics

Island
Population
Kumlinge
238
Enklinge
87
Seglinge
51
Björkö
20
Other (e.g. in hospitals)
3
Panorama

References

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2010" (in Finnish and Swedish) (PDF). Land Survey of Finland. http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/Pintaalat_kunnittain_1.1.2010.pdf. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Population by municipality as of 31 March 2010" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Information System. Population Register Center of Finland. http://www.vrk.fi/vrk/files.nsf/files/ACFC13B2F489698CC22577030039BD73/$file/20100331.htm. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=060_vaerak_tau_107_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+kielen+mukaan+sek%E4+ulkomaan+kansalaisten+m%E4%E4r%E4+ja+maa%2Dpinta%2Dala+alueittain++1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=050_vaerak_tau_104_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+i%E4n+%281%2Dv%2E%29+ja+sukupuolen+mukaan+alueittain+1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2010". Tax Administration of Finland. 24 November 2009. http://www.vero.fi/download.asp?id=5853;25512. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 

External links

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